Your healthy gums are key to your overall health, but when your mouth is taken over by periodontitis, your oral health will begin to degrade. If your gums have become inflamed and bleeding occurs when you floss or brush your teeth, these may be the signs and symptoms of periodontal disease.
Periodontitis affects the bone and gum tissue in your mouth. The disease starts when a lack of oral care causes plaque and bacteria to crowd the gum line. Plaque is an invisible film-like substances that houses bacteria and can be tough to clean out even with good oral hygiene. Once your gums become infected, brushing and flossing will no longer be sufficient. At this point, the disease starts to move into advanced periodontitis. When this occurs, your gums will slowly pull away from your teeth and create periodontal pockets; these pockets leave your roots exposed to harm. Over time, the disease will spread to your lower and upper jaw and result in tooth and bone loss.